How Much Do You Know About Heart Disease In Women? Take Our Quiz And Find Out.

Many of the risks for cardiovascular disease are controllable through healthy life habits. If women take control of their lives and choose habits that promote heart health, they can help prevent heart disease and stroke.

Do you know what your risk is for developing heart disease? Take this quiz, based on information from the American Heart Association, and see how much you know about heart disease in women.

1. Coronary heart disease develops gradually over many years and can easily go undetected.
  • True
  • False


2. Women don’t have to worry about cardiovascular disease. It’s primarily a man’s problem.
  • True
  • False


3. If a woman has a heart attack, she is more likely to survive than a man.
  • True
  • False


4. Women are less likely to get heart disease after menopause than before.
  • True
  • False


5. When men reach middle age, or about 55, their blood cholesterol levels start to rise, but women’s cholesterol levels seem to stabilize.
  • True
  • False


6. African-American females are more likely than white females to die from coronary heart disease or stroke.
  • True
  • False


7. Which of the following is the single most important thing a woman can do to reduce her risk of heart attack?
  • Reduce stress
  • Start jogging
  • Reduce salt in her diet
  • Quit smoking


8. Women smokers double their chances of having a heart attack over women who don’t smoke.
  • True
  • False


9. Women can reduce their risks for heart attack and stroke by following which of these lifestyle habits?
  • Quit smoking
  • Exercise regularly
  • Eat a healthy, low-fat diet
  • All of the above


10. Women with heart disease have a lower risk of stroke.
  • True
  • False



Answers:
  1. True. Coronary heart disease takes years to develop, and, in the case of women, it generally takes almost a decade longer to show up than it does in men.
  2. False. Coronary heart disease is the number one killer of American women. More women die of stroke than do men.
  3. False. Women have a lower chance of surviving heart attacks than men. Studies show that more women die within a year of having a heart attack than men. At older age, women who have had heart attacks are twice as likely as men are to die from them within a few weeks.
  4. False. Before menopause, many women seem to be protected from the risk of heart attack and stroke, perhaps by the hormone estrogen, which raises HDL (“good”) cholesterol levels while lowering LDL (“bad”) cholesterol. But as women approach menopause, around age 50, things change and the average woman’s blood cholesterol begins to rise. After menopause, women’s risk for heart attack and stroke continues to rise with age. Loss of estrogen is a significant contributor to women’s developing heart disease after menopause.
  5. False. Cholesterol levels become more stable in men around age 55, while both LDL and total cholesterol levels in most women start to rise.
  6. True. The death rate for African-American females from coronary heart disease is one-third higher than the rate for Caucasian females. African-American females are almost twice as likely to have a stroke and also have a higher risk of dying than Caucasian females.
  7. Quit smoking. Smoking is the greatest single preventable cause of death. For women, smoking is the biggest preventable risk factor for heart attack and stroke.
  8. True. Women who smoke run more than twice the risk of having a heart attack as women who do not smoke.
  9. All of the above. Other healthy habits are controlling high blood pressure and cholesterol levels, maintaining a healthy weight and getting regular checkups.
  10. False. Coronary heart disease is a major risk factor for stroke.


Gwinnett Medical Center has been providing excellent heart and vascular care for more than 20 years. For more information, visit gmcheart.com or for a referral to one of our board-certified cardiologists, call 678-312-5000.


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