In Honor Of Black History Month: Three Notable Women In Medical History

In honor of Black History Month, here are short profiles of three women who have contributed to medical achievements in the United States. Test your knowledge by matching these names with their accomplishments (answers at the end)

The Women:
Mary Eliza Mahoney
Rebecca Lee Crumpler
Valerie Montgomery Rice

The Accomplishments:


_______________ was the first female president of Morehouse School of Medicine. Located in Atlanta, Morehouse School of Medicine was founded in 1975 as the Medical Education Program at Morehouse College. It is among the nation’s leading educators of primary care physicians, and has more than 1,400 alumni. Many Morehouse School of Medicine graduates honor the school’s social mission by serving communities located in rural areas and inner cities.

_______________was the first African American woman to receive a medical degree in the United States. She grew up in Pennsylvania, raised by an aunt who acted as a lay nurse to the community. She first worked as a nurse in Massachusetts, and then studied at the New England Female Medical College in Boston. She graduated in 1864 with the Doctress of Medicine degree. At first she practiced in Boston, but after the Civil War ended, she relocated to Richmond, Virginia, to help provide medical care for newly freed slaves. Later she moved back to Boston and set up a practice dedicated to serving women and children.

_______________was the first African American woman to become a professional nurse in the United States. She was born in Boston, and at age 18 began working in the New England Hospital for Women and Children. At age 33 she was accepted into the hospital’s nursing school, which was the first professional nursing program in the country. Of the 42 students who started the program, this person was one of just four graduates. She worked as a private-duty nurse, and helped elevate the status of all nurses through her professionalism.




Answers:
In 2014, Valerie Montgomery Rice, MD, was the first, and is currently the president of Morehouse School of Medicine. Learn more about her story here.

In 1864, Rebecca Lee Crumpler was the first African American woman to receive a medical degree in the U.S. Learn more about her story here.

In 1879, Mary Eliza Mahoney was the first African American woman to complete nurse’s training in the U.S. Learn more about her story here.


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